The construction of the world famous Potala Palace was started in the 7th century during the time of the Tubo King srontsan gampo. on the top of Mt. Putup , it is looming over the whold Lhasa city. As high as 110m, the Potala Palace consists of two palaces – the Red Palace and the White Place .. With over 1000 rooms, the 1 storeyed palae covers an area of 10,000 square metres. it witnessed the life of the Dalai Lamas and the important political and eligious activites in the past centuries. There are grand palaces within palaces.
the Palace stands up so high that it resembles a magnificent castle in the heaven. It makes itself a good example of the ancient tibetan culture and architecture. The statues of the Tubo King Srongtsan gamoi and his wife Princess Wen Cheng are being worshipped in the Palace. Among the 8 tomb pagodas of the Dalai Lamas, the 5th tomb is the most extravagant. It stands as high as 14m and used 11,000 ounces of gold in its gold plating. the designs and decorations on them all are inlaid with diamonds, peals, turquoises, agates, corals etc. There also stored the world treasre-the gold hand-written Buddhist scriptures, valuable gifts from the Chinese emperors and a lot of pricless antiques. You will be amazed by the colorful sculptures and paintings. The Potala Palace deserves the title of art gallery and museum. It is a symbol of the wisdom and power of the Tibetan people.
The Jokhang Temple claims one of the oldest buildings in tibet . It is the joint effort of the Han And Tibetan people. It said that when Princess Wen Cheng came to inspect the landform of Lhasa , she drew the conslusion hat the Wuotang Lake was the heart of the devil. It was them filled with the earth carried by white goats. To comemorate the white goats, the temple was named “Ruosha” meaning “goat carrying earth” in Tibetan, Then the name developed into ” Lhasa ” meaning the holy land. In the central hall on the first floor, there is a gold sitting statue of a 12-year old Sakyamuni, brought in by Princess Wen Cheng. It is one of the most precious antique in tbiet. In the temle, they also keep the portrays of Buddha in silk from the tang Dynasty, the pearl gown and gold lamp from the Ming Dynasty as well as the painting by the famous painters several hundreds of year ago.
The stone Tablet of Unity between the tang Dynasty and Tubo kingdom with the inscriptions both in Chinese and Tibetan was erected in 823. It marks the riendship between the Chinese and Tibetans. The willow tree beside the Tablet, called Tang Willow, is said to be planted personally by Princess Wen Cheng and the Tubo King Srontsan Gamoi,\. There are 5 big copper pots for making tea for 5,000 people in the front of the temple. They are so big that when cleaning them, ladders have to be use. In 1409 Zongkaba, the founder of the Yellow Sect of tibetan Buddhism, originated the Geat Prayer Festival. The debate between the candida-tes for the degree of “Guoxi” was conducted among the Yellow Sect Buddhists. For more than 1,000 years, the Jokhang Temple remains to be the favourite spot for the worshippers from far and near.
The traditional lifestyle and appearance of Lhasa ‘s Old City district are well preserved in Barkhore Street : The stone houses, and the man-laid stone roads, Barkhore Street is the commercial center in Tibet shops line one next to another. Here visitors can get everything Tibetan they could hope for, such as the prayer-wheels, the boots and hats, robes, and bags. Commodities made in India and Nepal can also be found here. There are many art galleries and stores for arts and crafts, which specialize in thankas. The thankas are paintings of Buddha.Brightly colored and vividly depicted. Artisans paint and sell thankas on the street.
Trupeng Monastery is the biggest of the 3 monasteries, sistuated on the slope of Mt.Guopei, it is 10 km to the west of Lhasa . The Monastery is so big that it resembles a town. It was built by Zongkaba’s disciple Jiangyang Qujie in 146. The Monastery consists of a number of grand halls chambers, and the dalai Lamas’palaes. 190 huge pillars are standing in the Grand Hall of Guoqin which could sit as many as 10,000 lamas. The statue of Buddha Jiangba, said to be unearthed by Zongkaba, is enshrined on the second floor. Also enshrined in the Monastery is the white conch with counter-clockwise spiral believed to be buried by Buddha Sakyamuni’s disciple Mujianlianzang. It was later on unearthed by Zongkaba and passed on to jiangyang Qujie. Muslim poems are written on the walls of the Hall. Before he moved to the Potala Palace , the 5th Dalai Lama lived here. The Drepung Monastery used to nourish a lot of scholars of Buddhism in Tibet .
There is a beautiful park in the western suburbs of Lhasa . It used to be the Summer Palace for the dalai Lamas where they handled political affairs, and practised religious activities The construction started in 40s of the 18th century, covering a floor space of 46 ha. The whole park has more than 370 rooms of different sizes, and lawns, shaded by green trees and embedded by various flowers. With the clear water, and the flowers and trees around, it is known as the “park within the park”.
One of the three famous Holy Lakes in Tibet . Situated between Nhagarise and Gongkha, with an altitude of over 4 thousand metres and a coverage of 638 square kilometres, the lake, like a glittering jade inlaid in the mountains is quite well-known as an amazing and pleasant natural scenic spots, where visitors can find snow-capped mountains tranquil islands, ancient monasteries, hot springs, rare birds, wild animals and platns, and enjoy the leisure time in this vast hunting ground!